Syphilis – Causes, Symptoms And Treatments


Syphilis is one of the most dreadful sexually transmitted diseases. It is caused due to sexual intercourse or direct contact with open sores of the affected person. This disease is caused by a kind of bacteria called as Treponema Pallidum. The initial stage of this infection can be recognized by ulcers and sores formed on the skin. Though the early symptoms are mild and untraceable in most cases, it can lead to further complications if left untreated.

Causes of Syphilis

Syphilis is usually caused by illegal and unsafe sexual contact, direct contact with the open sores of the infected person, anal, vaginal or any other oral activity. Even an infected mother can pass this disease to her newborn baby. However, it is a rumor that Syphilis spreads by sharing clothes, utensils, toilet seats and swimming pools. Getting tested periodically may be advisable.

Stages of Syphilis

Syphilis was once considered an untreatable disease, but with the latest medical developments and therapies, it is treatable and curable if treated in its early stages. There are four stages of this disease – Primary, secondary, latent and tertiary. A person with the early 2 stages of this disease can easily infect or spread it to others. The later stages might create complications such as nervous disorders, mental disorders, organ failures and even death if left untreated.

Symptoms of Syphilis

1.    Ulcers appear within 2-6 weeks of exposure in areas such as the anus, genitals, cervix, tongue, lips, vagina and even any other part of the body. This happens in the primary stage. However, they might disappear after a few days even without treatment, return of the infection could be fatal.

2.    The later stages of untreated Syphilis include patchy rashes, swollen glands, fever and a mucous substance in the mouth.

3.    Sore throat, hair loss, fever and frequent headaches can also accompany the symptoms.


Syphilis can be treated either with a course of antibiotics or penicillin. While antibiotic pills are recommended daily, a half dose of penicillin is injected in severe cases. As it is painful, a small dose of procaine is added to the dose.

Congenital Syphilis

This is a sexually transmitted infection transferred to the child by a mother. This results in mulberry molars in the fetus. Alternatively, it can lead to miscarriages, premature births, birth defects, stillbirths or even death of the newborns. If an infected mother gives birth to a baby and it seems to be fine at the time of birth, he or she might develop symptoms later. As their immune system is not that strong, they might fall prey to diseases such as jaundice, high fever, anemia and more.

Instead of suffering silently or possibly infecting others, it is always better to follow the saying – prevention is better than cure. Either avoid unsafe sex or get the infectious disease treated in the very early stage so that neither you nor those who love you fall prey to Syphilis. Remember, Syphilis is treatable and curable if detected and treated in the early stages.

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