The Causes And Symptoms Of Acne


Despite acne’s historical presence in adolescent lives and young adulthood, there are still some mysteries behind its causes. Personal hygiene can play a significant role in combating acne; however genetic predisposition to acne will trump most excessive attempts at personal hygiene.

What Causes Acne and Where Does it Happen

When the dirt and oil of the face mixes with the dead skin cells of the epidermis, or skin, it causes pored to fill and become either whiteheads, blackheads, or painful pustules. Acne can occur on any part of the body. The most common areas affected are the face, neck, back, chest, and even the buttocks. It is not uncommon to have different types of acne affecting different parts of the body.

Certain activities can trigger outbreak periods where the severity of acne increases. Summer heat, sports activities, and even the onset of a menstrual cycle can trigger the body to produce more sweat and oil and causes more skin cells hold in dirt and create acne. Exfoliating on a regular basis can help released trapped dirt and scrub away excess oil that can potentially become trapped.

Genetics also play a role in the type of acne a person will develop. Mild acne is within the first few layers of the skin and are often more annoying and ugly than painful. Cystic acne is deep within the skin and forms more painful acne which is harder to treat and takes longer to disappear.  This second type of acne often causes scaring.

Symptoms of Acne

Acne distorts the texture of the skin so it is usually first noticed as fine bumps on the face, neck or back. If acne does not respond to over the counter acne cleansers and washes and skin begins to heal with scarring, it is best to go to a dermatologist for a stronger medication. Scarring is a difficult problem to treat as well so being proactive is best.

While it is advised not to pop an acne zit, having a zit that refuses to pop and becomes increasingly painful and red is a symptom of cystic acne. Acne that seems to affect a large area of skin with acne while significantly distorting the naturally smooth service of the skin is also another sign of cystic acne. This should be seen by a dermatologist as soon as possible to help relief discomfort, heal the skin and minimize scarring. Sometimes oral antibiotics are given to help combat acne.

Oily skin is also a sign of acne as the skin is not properly shedding dead skin or creating appropriate levels of oil. Regularly washing the face is a good way to prevent acne break outs. Any product with benzoyl peroxide is a standard hygiene product for an acne sufferer.

Understanding the causes and symptoms of acne will better prepare teenagers and parents of teenagers in battling this frustrating condition. Work with a dermatologist to best assess the type of acne on the skin and what the best approach may be.

Beginning with nutrition, it is the key to having supple, glowing skin. The better your diet, the better your skin will look. Although many people overlook this, opting mainly for skin care products to correct imperfections, improving your diet will be the foundation of beautiful skin. You must avoid consuming too many fats and unhealthy junk foods. The more fruits and vegetables you eat, that are packed with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, the more your skin will be glow. Also, give your skin the necessary hydration, from the inside out, by drinking at least eight glasses of water each day, and more when working out because you will lose more fluids when perspiring.

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