Understanding Diabetes


Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not produce enough insulin and causes an individual to have a high blood sugar level. This disorder is a lifelong one and affects nearly twenty three and a half million people. Every year, 1.6 million new cases are found in those who are over twenty years of age. By learning the different types and the signs and symptoms, an individual can become more aware of the condition and how it overall affects the human body.

The pancreas is an organ which produces insulin. This substance is used to control the level of blood sugar. When too little insulin is produced or there is a resistance to insulin present, high blood sugar is the result. In some cases, fat, muscle, and liver cells do not acknowledge it correctly.

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body produces very little insulin if any at all. While it is mostly diagnosed during childhood, there are many cases reported in people who are over the age of twenty. Although the actual reason for this condition is unknown, it is thought that genetics, immune problems and certain viruses are the cause. Daily insulin injections are used to treat the problem.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form. It contributes to most of the cases reported. Even though it is found in adults, more children are becoming prone to this disorder. Many individuals are not even aware of having it since the symptoms are so vague. This type is due to the pancreas having no response to insulin. The glucose levels are abnormal because the pancreas itself does not produce enough insulin. Not exercising and being obese is the number one contributor to this form.

Gestational diabetes occurs only in pregnant women. If not control, the unborn fetus may have adverse health problems and grow larger than the average infant and at a faster rate. Those who have this type, are more at risk for developing type two later on in life.

The symptoms for type one are being frequent thirst and urination, vomiting, nausea, fatigue, and losing weight even though an increased appetite is present. The signs for developing type two are less vague since this form develops slowly. These include blurred vision, feeling sleepy, the need to eat, and increased urination and thirst.

Exercising regularly promotes a better lifestyle. People who have this condition can benefit greatly if they incorporate this into their daily routine. Not only does it help with blood sugar levels, losing weight, and hypertension, but can greatly reduce their chances of having a stroke or heart attack. A proper diet can help control blood glucose levels.

Proper foot care is essential when this disorder is diagnosed. Foot problems are more likely since blood vessels are affected which lessens the immune system. Common infections occur and may result in tissue and skin damage. In many cases, amputation is the number one result from this happening. If left untreated, this scenario is quite possible. It is important to check the feet on a daily basis.

While there are no prevention measures for type one diabetes, a healthy and active lifestyle may prove effective. If you have already been diagnosed with this condition, be sure to visit your physician on a routine basis. This will prevent further complications.

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